When approaching participants, inform them who you are, what the project is about, why you are doing the research, what will be involved and what is happening to the information (Alderson, 1995, cited in Arksey and Knight, 1999, p. 69).
Outline your research with a participant information sheet or introductory letter/email.
You should also obtain written consent from participants where appropriate.
Participants’ identities should not be revealed unless written permission is obtained prior to the work being carried out. Instead, use anonymised names such as ‘Participant A’.
See below for templates to outline your research and gain consent.
Cover page: title, report type, your name, course, year of completion and word count.
Abstract: a summary of the whole report. It covers the topic, methods and results. It is roughly 250 words in length. See the guide below.
Introduction (10 %): outline the topic of research and justify its significance. Show the reader how you will cover the topic.
Chapters: divide up your report into chapters. Usually three will be sufficient. See some common ways of structuring information below.
1.Analytical: Situation – Problem – Solution 2.Chronological: Past – Present – Future 3.Comparison: Similar – Different 4.Discussion: For – Against; Pros – Cons 5.General to specific: e.g. context or history – case studies 6.Phrased: Short – Medium – Long Term Aspects 7.Thematic: Theme a – Theme b – Theme c Adapted from Macmillan and Weyers (2007, p. 96)
Conclusion (10 %): summarize the key findings and return to your title.
Appendix (singular) or Appendices (plural): features additional information such as email correspondence, survey questions or transcripts of interviews. Each new item takes an alphabetical letter.
Bibliography: alphabetical Harvard referenced list of source.